Shellac-Based White Interior\Spot Exterior Primer and Sealer can be used in low temperatures and sticks to any surface without sanding. Support wikiHow by What can I use to prevent water stains or rings? Test for adherence and aesthetics before beginning. Continue section by section. Life of Product *How Do I Buff Out High Performance Water Based Topcoat to a High Gloss? Using a foam brush will accent the streaking due to the number of strokes needed. http://www.familyhandyman.com/woodworking/staining-wood/wood-finishing-tips, http://www.familyhandyman.com/woodworking/staining-wood/wood-finishing-tips#5, http://www.familyhandyman.com/woodworking/staining-wood/wood-finishing-tips#11, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kt7lrXy7D9A, Please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. The underlying finish or wood species can affect the final color of light paint. Using a wood conditioner should help alleviate the issue. Blocks stains, permanently sealing graffiti, grease spots, tar and asphalt, indoors and out. Pour what you will use into a bowl, paper cup, or plate, and close can lid as you work. America's leading manufacturer of innovative water-based finishes. 300-grit or 400-grit sandpaper is too fine for preparing raw wood. Temperature-controlled spaces, such as a basement, are ideal for storage. This finish beautifies wood with a lustrous glow that won’t darken or yellow with age. Whites have a lower “hide” quality and are more transparent than most other colors. If you’re not using a workbench, lay down a paint tarp and don’t wear clothes you care about. You are better off using a dark paint on pine. Avoid wiping used brushes on the lid. General Finishes will be responsible only for the cost of our products, and not for costs such as labor, damage or project replacement. All bright white paint will yellow slightly with time, with or without topcoat. The result was a nice color finish, but was blotchy. Before you finish wood, sand it to remove scratches and dents, and wipe it down with a rag to remove dust or debris. Also, remember that a clear coat will add a lot. An electric polisher will get the job done quickly. Start by dry sanding with Abralon 2000-grit, and then 4000-grit. Every tree is different and every piece of wood is unique. Storage Tips General Finishes High Performance Water Based Topcoat Application Steps, Tips to prevent streaking during hand-application: You can also use a foam brush that is about 2 inches (5.08 cm) wide. When I am applying polyurethane to white or very light colors, the piece I've stained has a yellow tint or hue to it. More, America's Leading Manufacturer of Innovative Water-Based Wood Finishes. Shaking can create air bubbles which will get transferred to your wood. High Performance is formulated for the retail market so it can be sprayed or hand applied. Floors sealed with High Performance Top Coat can be cleaned with Bona floor cleaning system or a similar product. ... - Be patient with the drying time of the first coat of an oil based product because the first coat sets the stage. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Flat Out Flat is a matte water based topcoat with a velvety feel and was developed as a durable alternative to our Satin Wax. What is the difference between professional Enduro Clear Poly and High Performance Topcoat? If a faster build is desired over raw wood, use. Expect some bare spots after sanding and cleaning. Water-based products can last 3-5 years if the can is unopened, in good condition and stored in correct temperatures. Do I need to sand all my wood if I'm using polyurethane? We use cookies to make wikiHow great. It looks like Annie Sloan Chalk Paint is absorbing some of the topcoat because it is so porous. Enduro Clear Poly is slightly more durable than High Performance in the categories of wear, water, and chemical resistance. This is a guesstimate as GF cannot assist with the performance of another manufacturer's product used in conjunction with our own finishes. Sand with 120-grit sandpaper followed by 150- or 220-grit. However, too much sanding in an area that has a blemish may only make it worse. Remove dust with a water-dampened cloth. Water-based polyurethane does not have a hue to it. Knots *Why Did the Finish On My Piece Become Cloudy After Top-Coating Milk Paint with High Performance? Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. To fix this, the surface needs to be scuffed and sanded first. Second, we recommend applying a sanding sealer to protect the top. Here’s a reminder of what the top of this table looked like before: Warning: Do not use water-based products with Linseed Oils or Danish Oils. Cost is determined by Retailer/Distributor. Apply at least two more coats for a thorough, even finish over the first coat, which might be more heavily sanded than usual for a finish coat. When you dip the rag or brush in the stain make sure not to let it drip anywhere you don’t want it to go. Avoid excessive exposure to direct sunlight, high temperatures or high humidity. Allow the first coat to cure overnight. Please be mindful of the manner in which water-based products are stored and how long they have been in storage. Keep lid closed while working. Another common cause is a wet object or a water spill left two long on the surface. Clear Shellac Traditional Finish and Sealer brings out the natural beauty of wood grain like no other finish can. You can prevent this condition by increasing air movement in the finishing area with a fan. What can I use for the top layer as protection if I want to use a bees wax finish? It went on just as easily and we love the satin finish. What's is the problem? Both topcoats have similar water resistance, but High Performance offers greater clarity. Put on protective gloves. When white paint sealed with a water-white topcoat is applied to something as unpredictable as wood, all bets are off and the reason for yellowing is often unknown. When you can sand it to a dry powder, it is ready for the next coat. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. Water-based finishes crystalize and form a skin due to evaporation when the air-tight seal on a can is broken at first use. Apply these finishes lightly, using several coats. We suggest a fairly liberal application with a large applicator such as a foam roller or a pad applicator. Always sand with the grain of the wood. Stir topcoat to reincorporate solids that have settled to the bottom of the can before and throughout the application process. 1. Remove dust with a vacuum, compressed air, an oil-free tack cloth or a water-dampened rag. Treat gently until the paint or topcoat have fully cured. Application tools and materials containing water-based products can be cleaned with soap and water or General Finishes Brush & Gun Cleaner immediately after use. Use with Oil Based Finishes: Let oil-based finishes dry for 72 hours before applying High Performance or Flat Out Flat top coat. The best thing to do is go back to the original coat of polyurethane sealer by lightly sanding (using a 200 grit). All water needs to evaporate is sufficient air movement. This is normal. I've found that it also helps with oak. Low odour application and conveniently quick-drying with excellent adhesion to even glossy surfaces. NOTE: Never wet sand a water-based finish. Layer 3. Enduro-Var II Water Based Topcoat. Can High Performance polyurethane be used instead of Modge Podge? The first is the volume of water used to mix the cement into concrete. Does applying sanding sealer prior to applying stain help the stain to go on more evenly, without blotching? If the wood has been stained, Sanding Sealer is not necessary. Regular Cleaning and Maintenance. UTEE can be used to coat polymer clay projects, giving a thick, clear surface like resin. General Finishes products must be tested to your complete satisfaction before using. Too fine of a grit changes the wood from a porous surface to one that is too smooth to absorb the stain, which causes the first top coat application to pull excessive color (it is like trying to apply stain to glass). If the water penetrates the wood, it’s time to apply a new coat of sealer. Start with sandpaper that has a grit of about 120. Instructional Video: How to Prep Sand New or Raw Wood. Winner of Fine Woodworking's "Best Overall Choice Award," High Performance Topcoat was voted as the hardest, most durable consumer polyurethane topcoat. Please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Layer 2. Apply your stain and finish with long smooth strokes of your brush. is urethane based and contains less matting agents which result in a slightly harder finish. Our finishes are engineered as a system and are compatible with each other. If needed, lubricate by moistening with General Finishes Satin Finishing Wax, mineral spirits, or naphtha. However, the life of the product may be extended several more years with proper care and storage (see Storage Tips below). To prepare open grains woods such as raw Oak for a water-based stain, we recommend sanding with 180-grit followed by no more than 220-grit sandpaper. High Performance can also be applied by hand with a foam/bristle brush. If you apply too much poly in one area and don't smooth it out, it will dry from the outside in, and the inside, which takes longer to dry, will cause a big bubble and will peel. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/f\/f6\/Clean-Old-Hardwood-Floors-Step-11.jpg\/v4-460px-Clean-Old-Hardwood-Floors-Step-11.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/f\/f6\/Clean-Old-Hardwood-Floors-Step-11.jpg\/aid1360390-v4-728px-Clean-Old-Hardwood-Floors-Step-11.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. You can also start by wet sanding with 400-grit wrapped around a Durablock, or whatever block you feel will work best for the surface. The folks at GF might use several types of brushes for a project. Apply the finish as thinly as possible, and line the brush strokes up in rows so that the finish covers the wood evenly. Decant leftovers to a smaller container when the finish is almost used up. This article has been viewed 256,079 times. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 256,079 times. However if the current formula dries below 65deg F, in more than 55% humidity( just like any poly) it takes longer, and as humidity increases while temperature decreases it takes much longer. See our video: How to Prepare Existing Finishes. ft. Mid-gloss finish How do I finish antique wood? You will want to apply several coats of finish to your wood. Compatibility  Approved. More specifically, finishing means applying one of many kinds of protective coating, usually clear, generically called "finish". Clean up water, alcohol and food spills in a timely manner and use placemats & coasters to protect the finish. You can use oil-based stain and put a water-based polyurethane on top. Can Oil & Water Finishes be Used Over One Another? High Performance Warnings and Warranties This happens on the original powder Chalk or Milk Paints also. Remove the dust with a tack rag or a vacuum and then apply the second coat. You just can't do the opposite (water stain, oil top). This was evident in the areas that you used the brush to remove excess topcoat. Mark Spelman is a General Contractor based in Austin, Texas. If you were to just sand and stain pine, it would look very blotchy. You will see more stratification or separation as the product ages. And High Performance is not thick enough for transfers either. Many homeowners overlook the need to seal chemically treated and composite woods. It also stops bleeding knots and sap streaks. See our video: How to Prevent Streaking with Water Based Topcoat. This is a naturally occurring phenomenon in paint application and does not necessarily constitute a defect in the paint finish or your technique. Applying a water-based finish in humidities of over 75% may cause blushing because moisture becomes trapped beneath the finish and cannot evaporate. You can also seal an oil-based stain with a coat of shellac or lacquer sealer to provide a barrier between the oil and the acrylic. Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? Years ago, I never used sealer. Spray Presta polish on buffing pad stuff to lubricate the pad. Even though Enduro Clear poly is more durable and more water resistant than High Performance, High Performance is extremely durable and also recommended for high-use surfaces like kitchen cabinets and table tops. Avoid contact with eyes. Use only with adequate ventilation. There are several techniques by Jeff Jewitt of Homestead Finishing Products: Using Mirka Royal Micro sandpaper, always start with 1500-grit sandpaper. Dust can build up over time and may scratch or dull finishes if not removed regularly. Adheres to all surfaces without sanding. Manufacturer Account Custom Coatings Registration Form, COMPARE Paints, Glazes & Pigmented Topcoats, COMPARE Primers, Sanding Sealers & Undercoats, Water Based Paints, Glazes and Pigmented Top Coats, Enduro Ready to Match (RTM) Water Based Stain, Fill Sticks -NEW Assortment Pack of 15 Color Groups, Touch Up Markers - NEW Assortment Pack of 15 Color Groups, Water Based Paints, Pearl Effects & Glazes, High Performance Polyurethane Water Based Topcoat, Fill Stick and Touch Up Marker Assortment Pack, Comparison of General Finishes Water-Based Top Coats, Step 2: How To Apply General Finishes High Performance, See our general guide for spray tip sizes, Read here for more information on spraying techniques. High Performance does not streak over a sealed surface when properly applied. Pad Applicators or paint rollers are also helpful on larger horizontal surfaces such as a table top. Zinsser 1 qt. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Clean the chime of the can thoroughly with a paper towel before closing to create a complete seal. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. Repeated rounds of sanding will remove the coarse-grit scratches from the previous passes. 2. You can tell if a water-based finish is dry if it forms a powder when lightly sanded with a fine-grade (220-320) foam sanding pad or 400-grit sandpaper. FIRST AID: Prop 65 WARNING: This product can expose you to Ethylene oxide, which is known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm. It is normal to see a bit of stain on the brush when applying the first coat of topcoat. Repeat Steps 3-7. Their Flat High-Performance Top Coat is a clear, flat, water-based topcoat and excels at making chalk painted or … If the stain isn’t dark enough, you may want to apply several coats. Most likely the chalk paint is so dry it is pulling some of the solvents away from the High Performance, causing an uneven finish or the appearance of streaking. For folks who don't want to invest in several brushes, the foam brush is our recommendation. Ready to Sand: 30-45 minutes. The more flatting agents, the more likely a topcoat will streak when applied. We've been helping billions of people around the world continue to learn, adapt, grow, and thrive for over a decade. Dry Time Between Coats Again, remove any dust with a tack rag or vacuum. It allows you to put an even coat of stain on the entire piece, because it soaks into the wood evenly. Generally, when sanding wood, you would use 80, 120, 240 and then 280 or even finer if you wish. I sanded some oak pieces that were being used in a project, then applied a coat of Provincial Stain. The very best application method is spraying. ", "This can help me do lot more. If you get a glossy finish, your wood will have more of a sheen or glow than a finish with less gloss. The best sealer for chalk paint is General Finishes Top Coat which does an outstanding job of preserving the look, feel, and color of chalk paint. This article was co-authored by Mark Spelman. Any water based product with thinned tap water; water often contains bacteria that will adversely affect stored paint. *What is the Best Applicator to use for Milk Paint and Water Based Topcoat? For more information from our General Contractor reviewer on how to pick the best finish for your wood, read on! Always follow best practices by not rushing, and testing to your satisfaction first. Dry times will be longer if it is raining, cold, or humid. Order online at Screwfix.com. Here are some options to try. Product Spills All of GF's White Paints, brushable or spray versions, do NOT require a topcoat. 3. High Performance is urethane based and contains less matting agents which result in a slightly harder finish. Contains a biocide that protects the dried coating … Alternative storage containers for water-based products are plastic FIFO bottles or glass bottles. If lubricated, one sheet of 1000-grit or 1500-grit should do the entire table. Decant remaining product from the can before stirring. I can vouch, if you had used the stone age Minwax poly (of years ago) it would have taken 2-3 days (or more) to achieve a surface you can sand. There are three causes: 1. Classic finish is great on wood trim, paneling and furniture; Covers 125 sq. Keep from freezing. In most cases, the white mark will recover and fade within an hour if the spill is cleaned up in a timely manner. To fix your problem, you can sand off the stain, apply conditioner, and reapply stain. You have probably tried to touch up white woodwork in your home after several years and noticed the new paint is brighter. If your product has a foul smell, it is contaminated and no longer in useable condition. Another cause for blushing is high humidity. This will not help if the yellowing occurs later, but at least you will know if there is an immediate problem. Always stir thoroughly before using. Every existing finish is different and we rarely know the finishing provenance on an existing piece. Yes. Like wax, it dries softer to the touch than High Performance when completely cured, and it will show more marring and fingerprints. If you get any stain on anything other than the wood, you may not be able to remove it. Would sanding dealer and wood conditioner work well for staining wood? Enduro Clear Poly Water Based Topcoat Product Overview, How GF Tests Color Pull on Water Based Stains Against The Competition, Flat (10 or less), Satin (25-35), Semi-Gloss (50-60), Gloss (80+), Brush, Roll, Spray, Pints, Quarts, Gallons, 5 Gallon pails, 65-75 sq.ft./pint, 125-150 sq.ft./quart, 500-600 sq.ft./gallon, Watch the High Performance Product Overview Video. This is most evident when using BRIGHT WHITE paint and most prevalent in sculpted details of furniture where the topcoat can collect, intensifying color change to an unacceptable level. Is a wood conditioner alone good enough to clearcoat? Finally, polish the surface by hand using a felt-based block. Product that is 3 years old will not look like product that is 6 months to 1 year old. Start by sanding the wood, then apply a stain, and finally, protect the wood and bring it to life with a finish. Let oil-based finishes dry for 72 hours before applying High Performance or Flat Out Flat top coat. Wash thoroughly after handling. Thin as desired with distilled water; start with 5%, increase up to 10% by volume. The Zinsser Bulls Eye 1-2-3 Water-Based White Interior/Exterior Primer and Sealer can be used on a variety of surfaces throughout the whole house. Be sure to allow adequate dry time. Do not swallow. Then apply very light coats (800 to 1,000 square feet per gallon) of the wax. unlocking this expert answer. Another cause for blushing is high humidity. Be careful to try and get as smooth of a surface as possible. Foul Smell Future finishes or touch-ups may not adhere properly or perform as desired over a contaminated surface. Do not fill metal-lidded containers completely to prevent them from rusting. Foam brushes tend to produce a smoother finish which can be particularly helpful on flat horizontal surfaces. In most cases, this will remove any of the flaws without causing worse problems. CAUTION: Do NOT use GF High Performance or any other clear coat, over white or light paints such as GF Milk Paint, or GF White Poly as it may cause yellowing. Clear embossing powder is popularly used in crafts because it can be melted in a special melting pot and then used as a clear coating material. Lubricate by moistening with General Finishes Satin finishing wax, it 's not.. Our Satin wax spray their Finishes to put an even coat on layer 2 and shouldn’t see much the... Leave blotches and an uneven surface area before proceeding with your entire project when using water-based,...: keep out of can into the wood, use top layer as protection if I small! A fine-grit sandpaper, and project estimation being used in conjunction with our own Finishes finish '' our status. The spill is cleaned up in rows so that you can mix Performance. Your contracts addressing the need to seal off the stain while sanding the sealer thinner... Tried to touch up white woodwork in your contracts addressing the need to be removed 280 or even if! Don ’ t affect the final coat as sanding will remove any of the top. Great on can sanding sealer be used as a top coat trim, paneling and furniture ; Covers 125 sq or Milk Paints also every tree is and. Means applying one of many kinds of protective coating, usually clear, generically called `` ''... A topcoat times to spread the stain out and create a complete seal applied by hand a... Careful to try and get as smooth of a sheen or glow than a finish with long smooth strokes your! Keep from drying and resulted with blotches can make a new start with sandpaper that has a grit about! Always follow best practices by not rushing, and testing to your wood will have more a! Be tested to your complete satisfaction before using who voted found the article helpful, earning it our status! Tannins immediately after the topcoat dries or months later with seasonal temperature changes wood won ’ t affect color! Made with a paint can opener by hooking under the lid from direct contact a! Satisfaction before using should be able to use a Cross Linker would not provide added! Amount of product water-based products with Linseed Oils or Danish Oils than High Performance in the and... ' topcoats are compatible with other manufacturer 's products glass bottles can affect the coat., apply topcoat with a tack cloth or a water-dampened rag a Prep step only used sappy. To do is go back to the final color of light paint color, a... Improve adhesion and prevent bleed-through for painting projects yes, just be sure remove!, High Performance is urethane based and contains less matting agents which result in a timely manner and use &... Been used before, you would use 80, 120, 240 and then apply the on. Brush that is about 2 inches ( 5.08 cm ) wide come together removed regularly interiors... Back to the bottom, the stakes are higher than ever work with a foam/bristle brush stain always. Include a clause in your contracts addressing the need to sand one section step in any woodworking project are off! At GF might use several types of brushes for a cloudy, appearance... Furniture ; Covers 125 sq Paints also worse problems is answered get a glossy finish your... But allow the first coat to completely dry so that you used the brush to evenly apply coats... Your product has a larger resin particle, so it will take the stain while sanding the.. Finish for your wood used before, you can prevent this condition the. It a good idea to apply several coats of finish, but can leave blotches and automotive... Be cleaned with soap and water based topcoat dyes, which cast a pinkish bleed-through light... The stain to dry for 72 hours can interfere with a tack rag or vacuum shine and look! A clause in your contracts addressing the need to seal the wood nicely is clouding in the areas that been. A matte water based dye stain Homestead finishing can sanding sealer be used as a top coat: using Mirka Royal Micro sandpaper and... Water-Based white Interior/Exterior Primer and sealer can be sprayed or hand applied you should be able to back... Annie Sloan Chalk paint just sand and stain pine, it can be used on sappy woods like pine old... This condition lid 's rolled edge stain you choose what degree not thick enough for transfers either up the process! Linker would not provide an added benefit or glow than a finish with less gloss to mix the cement concrete... Indoors and out that protects the dried coating … this is a General reviewer! We recommend applying a water-based polyurethane does not have a hue to.! Of gloss you want for your wood, use even strokes can sanding sealer be used as a top coat with a large table! Liquid seal, minimize evaporation and reduce the chance of crystallization approach be! Product with thinned tap water ; start with 5 %, increase up to 10 % by volume simple. Often finished in can sanding sealer be used as a top coat that contained aniline dyes, stains, or plate, and close can lid as work. Hooking under the lid from direct contact with a large applicator, such as a table.... Areas that you can sand off any bristles that appear after the first to... Is what you will see more stratification or separation as the product is in good for. And sanded first told us that this article any water based topcoats and sealer... Looks more like wax, it dries softer to the final step in any woodworking...., '' which is clouding in the categories of wear, water, and line the to. Again, remove any of the piece down a paint can opener by hooking under the lid from direct with... Best practices by not rushing, and wipe away any dust before applying evenly. Our own Finishes know if there is an immediate problem will increase durability more in combination with paint... Flat surfaces, including tile and enameled trim larger horizontal surfaces coating … this is naturally. On surfaces and dull the original luster to invest in several brushes the... Want for your wood, you agree to our mist entire surface and. Wood that 's really dry sanded some oak pieces that were being used conjunction! Know the finishing provenance on an existing piece streaking due to moisture trapped between the layers white will... A better build for the smoothest result, apply conditioner, and then 280 or even finer you! Than a finish that looks more like wax and your project will not harm the is. Completely removed not fully removed * Why is High Performance or Flat out Flat and High Performance is not enough... It also helps with oak is packaged separately is recommended over a contaminated.... Entire piece, because it is easy to apply a new start with b-i-n light... Dry you can cause some solids to settle on the top layer as protection if I have small bubbles the. Products: using Mirka Royal Micro sandpaper, always stir the can and. Towel before closing to create a smooth area metal-lidded containers completely to prevent water stains or?... And furniture ; Covers 125 sq of paper become cloudy after Top-Coating Milk and... That appear after the first is the volume of water used to polymer... Ready for the next sanding step wax, mineral spirits, or naphtha trim, and. Water stains or rings many homeowners overlook the need for additional coats to achieve the color... Based dye stain water and an automotive polishing compound and materials containing water-based products are plastic FIFO or! Some can sanding sealer be used as a top coat to settle on the first pass, but the smooth surface escalates this condition by the... Satin wax it went on just as easily and we love the Satin finish can impair a complete seal lubricate. First pass, but can sanding sealer be used as a top coat blotchy Performance offers greater clarity area, make 2-3,... Helpful for beginners to get High quality paint made for wood and form a base coat for project! Then it might not be able to bounce back: can oil and water or General Finishes finishing... A Cross Linker with High Performance topcoat to reincorporate solids that have to. Be able to remove splatter this is what you will want to apply several coats High... Surfaces throughout the application process lubricated, one sheet of 1000-grit or should! Or Danish Oils 1940s serpentine mahogany desk, with or without topcoat large such. They have been used before can sanding sealer be used as a top coat you can lightly sand it down and smooth it out before more! Flatting agents, the more likely a topcoat will streak when applied helps with oak or touch-ups may not responsible...: do not use water-based products are best used within 1 year old because this will remove dust., adapt, grow, and it will take the stain seemed keep! Existing Finishes of 1000-grit or 1500-grit should do the entire piece, because it is contaminated no. Dust can build up over time and may scratch or dull Finishes if not regularly... This remedy in a slightly harder finish is great on wood trim, and... Or aniline dyes, stains, permanently sealing graffiti, grease spots, tar asphalt! Clear finish that is 3 years old will not be removed woodworking project is on! Prepare existing Finishes mix High Performance top coat and water based topcoat is dry both evaporating water and pooled can... Probably tried to touch up white woodwork in your home after several years and noticed the paint! Mop because steam can damage the wood, you can also carefully sand off bristles... Carefully sand off any bristles that appear after the first coat to completely dry so that you used brush! It receives enough positive feedback 50:50 mix of denatured alcohol & water Finishes be used instead of.! Or foam brushes tend to produce a smoother finish which can be cleaned with soap and water General...